Sports play an important role in many children’s developmental years. Participation in athletics can help children learn motor control, patience, teamwork, listening skills and the benefits of hard work. In 2018, data shows 52 percent of kids aged 6 to 12 participated in team or individual sports. Data from 2008 shows 27 percent of youth athletes specialized in one sport.
Sport specialization is defined as year round training in a single sport, excluding other sports.2 There are trends today that suggest many young athletes are beginning sport specialization prior to high school. Many young athletes are turning toward sport specialization with a goal of achieving elite success. Recent suggestions and recommendations advise athletes to avoid sport specialization before adolescence. These recommendations to avoid sport specialization are aimed at keeping young athletes healthy and preventing injuries.2, 3
Participation in multiple sports can improve coordination and muscle control. Performing a variety of movements, such as during varying sports, can help developing athletes gain proper skills. These skills may provide prevention against injury.2 For example, baseball players are required to run (sprint), overhead throw, squat, and lunge during play. In contrast, soccer players are required to run (longer duration with sprinting included), kick and pivot. Therefore participation in both baseball and soccer would place different demands on a young athlete’s musculoskeletal system.
Growing athletes benefit from the development of all the components of neuromuscular control such as endurance, power, strength, agility, speed, flexibility and stability.3 Underdevelopment of any of these areas can lead to deficits or asymmetries within the athlete, which may place them at increased risk of injury during future sport participation.3
In addition to allowing for better development of the musculoskeletal system, participation in multiple sports can avoid overuse of any one muscle group. If we use the example of the baseball and soccer athlete again, participation in both sports can allow “rest” for certain muscles groups when involved in the other sport (ex: the shoulder and arm used to throw in baseball get a break when playing soccer). This rest can help to avoid overuse injuries in a young athlete.
Participation in multiple sports is beneficial for developing adolescent athletes. Overall, it is important to remember that sports participation provides many health benefits at all ages.
If you feel you or your child has suffered a sport related injury, schedule a free assessment at an Athletico clinic near you.
The Athletico blog is an educational resource written by Athletico employees. Athletico bloggers are licensed professionals who abide by the code of ethics outlined by their respective professional associations. The content published in blog posts represents the opinion of the individual author based on their expertise and experience. The content provided in this blog is for informational purposes only, does not constitute medical advice and should not be relied on for making personal health decisions.
1. “State of Play.” The Aspen Insititute. https://assets.aspeninstitute.org/content/uploads/2019/10/2019_SOP_National_Final.pdf
2. Confino J, Irvine JN, O’Connor M, Ahmad CS, Lynch TS. Early Sports Specialization Is Associated With Upper Extremity Injuries in Throwers and Fewer Games Played in Major League Baseball. Orthop J Sports Med. 2019;7(7):2325967119861101. Published 2019 Jul 26. doi:10.1177/2325967119861101
3. DiStefano LJ, Beltz EM, Root HJ, et al. Sport Sampling Is Associated With Improved Landing Technique in Youth Athletes. Sports Health. 2018;10(2):160–168. doi:10.1177/1941738117736056