Research shows that gardeners have decreased anxiety, depression, and body mass index (a measure of body fat percentage calculated by dividing one’s weight by height). Gardening, when done in community also promotes societal well-being. Many garden for yard maintenance, to grow food, or just for enjoyment. Although gardening is rewarding and good for your health, gardeners should still keep a few things in mind before conquering the earth. It is important to take precautions to protect your back, knees and arms from repetitive stress and injury. Here are just a few considerations to keep in mind.
Before digging in, be sure to gather the correct tools and equipment. Many tools are designed to make the work you do easier and therefore, can protect your hands, joints, knees, etc.
Schedule your digging when the soil is moist. Be sure it is neither hard nor dry or heavy soaked so that you use less force when digging or planting within your garden.
Sustained positioning causes stress on muscles maintaining the posture.
Notice how the woman in this picture is not curving her back when leaning forward to garden. Her back is straight and she is close to her task. This is a great example of good posture when gardening.
If you get cut, put continuous pressure on the wound with a clean cloth. It is advised to go to the ER if your bleeding doesn’t stop within 10 minutes, you have numbness, tingling, or difficulty moving your finger, you are behind on your Tetanus shot, or cannot get your wound completely clean. Here are another few tips to keep in mind to avoid injuries:
If you become sore and achy after being in the garden despite alternating tasks and watching body mechanics, you can use the RICE method:
Ice (10-20 minutes)
Compression (i.e. bandage wrap if there is swelling)
Elevation of the sore limb.
Persistent symptoms may require further medical consult. Yet, by being aware of some of the most common mistakes in gardening, you can take the necessary steps to prevent injury. Should an injury or persistent pain occur, schedule a Free Assessment at a nearby Athletico location so that our Occupational and Physical Therapists can help you keep nurturing your garden. Free Assessments are available in-clinic and virtually through our Telehealth platform.
The Athletico blog is an educational resource written by Athletico employees. Athletico bloggers are licensed professionals who abide by the code of ethics outlined by their respective professional associations. The content published in blog posts represents the opinion of the individual author based on their expertise and experience. The content provided in this blog is for informational purposes only, does not constitute medical advice and should not be relied on for making personal health decisions.
1. Soga, Masashi, et al. “Gardening Is Beneficial for Health: A Meta-Analysis.” Preventive Medicine Reports, Elsevier, 14 Nov. 2016, www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211335516301401.
2. “Gardening Injury Prevention Tips.” American Society of Hand Therapists, www.asht.org/sites/default/files/docs/2016/Gardening%20Injury%20Prevention%20Tips.pdf.
3. “Gardening Safety: How to Garden Pain-Free: The Hand Society.” How to Garden Pain-Free | The Hand Society, www.assh.org/handcare/safety/gardening.
4. Garden Design Magazine. “12 Garden Tools to Buy – Essentials for Beginners – Garden Design.” GardenDesign.com, Garden Design Magazine, 28 Jan. 2021, www.gardendesign.com/how-to/tools.html.