A concussion occurs when there is a direct blow or force to the head that causes a change in mental status. During a concussion, the brain is demanding more energy than it is receiving. Therefore, it can lead to symptoms such as disorientation, confusion, memory loss. This may also cause slowness in thinking.
The Athletico Physical Therapy’s Head Injury and Concussion Management Program benefits individuals who have had a concussion, or participate in an activity where there is potential for a concussion. Athletico provides concussion management and baseline test training to athletic trainers and physical therapists.
Patient/Athlete May Experience:
Please note: symptoms may not surface until 48 to 72 hours after the injury.
Physician, Athletic Trainer, or Neurological Specialist may diagnose:
- Acute Concussion
- Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (MTBI)
Athletico Physical Therapy Options:
- Complimentary Injury Screen
- Pre-Injury Baseline Testing
- Take the Athletico Concussion Quiz
- Vestibular Rehabilitation
- Headache Rehabilitation
- Concussion Return to Participation
- Concussion at home recovery tips
After sustaining a concussion, the following protocol, or a similar protocol, will be used to safely progress a patient or athletes return to participation and/or daily function. This should be performed under the direction of a qualified medical provider. It is recommended that there be approximately 24 hours between each stage. Recovery time cannot and should not be predetermined until a post-concussion evaluation by a concussion trained healthcare provider.
Both patients and athletes will not return to participation the same day as a concussive event. Return to ADL or play will occur once symptom-free at rest, exertion, and have returned to their baseline state.
|1||No Activity||Daily activities that do not provoke symptoms.||Gradual re-introduction of work/school activities.|
|2||Light aerobic exercise||Walking or stationary cycling at slow to medium pace.
No resistance training.
|Increase heart rate|
|3||Sport-specific exercise||Running or skating drills
No head impact activities.
|4||Non-contact training drills||Harder training drills, eg, passing drills. May start progressive resistance training.||Exercise, coordination, and increased thinking|
|5||Full contact practice||Following medical clearance, participate in normal training activities.||Restore confidence and assess functional skills by coaching staff|
|6||Return to Sport||Normal game play.||Normal game play.|
*This protocol is implemented to promote compliance with Return to Play Policies, which outline that athletes exhibiting symptoms of a concussion cannot return to play until cleared by an appropriate healthcare professional.
Please consult your state protocol or refer any questions to a concussion trained healthcare provider.
At Home Recovery Tips:
- Avoid loud noises (Music, TV, band practices, or listening to a music device)
- Limit texting, reading, video games, typing, or internet use.
- Avoid any over-the-counter medications (Advil, Motrin, Ibuprofen, Aleve) that may mask symptoms, unless advised otherwise by a physician.
- If you’re a student: the school nurse, athletic director, administrator, and/or guidance counselor should be contacted to postpone any quizzes or exams that may be needed.
Learn more about Concussion: Fact or Fiction
|Studies show that less than 10% of concussions result in loss of consciousness.||You have to have loss of consciousness to have sustained a concussion.|
|A concussion can be sustained by a sudden, violent movement of the head caused by an unexpected external force to the body.||Concussions are only a result of a direct blow to the head.|
|You only need to check on a concussed athlete periodically.||You need to wake someone with a concussion every 20 minutes.|
|Any response to the pupils is indicative of a much more serious brain injury. If the patient and/or athlete is coherently speaking to you, there is no need to check their pupils.||You need to check pupils with a flashlight to see if they are dilated or uneven.|