Trampolines are commonly found in backyards, and the popularity of jump parks has also increased in recent years. Did you know that there is also a sport for a competitive trampoline? In fact, it’s an Olympic sport!
Whiplash is a neck injury that occurs due to a rapid and forceful back-and-forth motion of the neck. Whiplash can occur several ways on a trampoline; a jumper can fall from the trampoline with a hit or jostle to the head, or two jumpers can collide, leading to a whiplash-type injury. Initial treatment for whiplash includes heat or ice and rest to manage the pain. Physical therapy is also beneficial after whiplash to help restore normal neck motion and strength to resume normal activities. Whiplash and concussions can co-occur, and a physical therapist can assess the needed treatment for both conditions.
Fractures can occur on a trampoline from a fall or from landing incorrectly. Fracture incidence increases with more jumpers on a trampoline at one time. In young children, there is a specific fracture referred to as a “trampoline fracture” in the tibia bone, just below the knee. This type of fracture occurs when a larger or heavier jumper causes the surface to recoil upward while the child is descending, which leads to an excessive load on the tibia2. Although this type of fracture is not common, they do occur, and for safety reasons, fewer jumpers on a trampoline is recommended to decrease the risk of this injury.
The “soft tissues” of the body encompass your tendons, muscles, and ligaments. Injury on trampolines can include ankle or wrist sprains or injury to the knee in the form of an ACL sprain or tear. The type of injury is mainly dependent on how the injury occurs. A poor landing may cause a twist in the ankle or knee. A fall from the trampoline may result in landing on the arm and injuring the wrist or shoulder. These types of injuries are commonly accompanied by swelling, difficulty moving the joint, decreased range of motion, and pain. A visit to a doctor’s office or a physical therapist can help plan the best recovery based on the injury.
Trampolines are a fun activity for kids and more serious athletes for competition. Ensure you follow precautions as best you can to help ensure safety while jumping. Should an injury occur, find your closest Athletico location for a free injury assessment.
*Per federal guidelines, beneficiaries of plans such as Medicare, Medicaid, Tricare, VHA and other federally funded plans are not eligible for free assessments.
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2. Jääskelä M, Kuivalainen L, Victorzon S, Serlo W, Lempainen L, Sinikumpu JJ. Trampoline-related proximal tibia impaction fractures in children: a population-based approach to epidemiology and radiographic findings between 2006 and 2017. J Child Orthop. 2020 Apr 1;14(2):125-131. doi: 10.1302/1863-2548.14.190177. PMID: 32351625; PMCID: PMC7184643.